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Elm

English Antique Elm Furniture

In the 18th century, the English antique elm played a significant role in decorative arts due to its unique qualities and aesthetic appeal. English Elm was a popular choice among country furniture makers, cabinetmakers, and artisans for creating robust and decorative tables, chairs, and cabinets.

One of the notable characteristics of English antique elm wood is its distinct grain pattern, which features beautiful, wavy lines and irregular markings. This grain pattern added visual interest and depth to the finished objects, enhancing their overall appearance. English antique elm furniture also had a warm, golden-brown colour, which further contributed to its desirability in the decorative arts.

Provincial Furniture Makers Used Elm with Oak, Ash and Yew

The combination of elm with other indigenous country woods added variety and visual interest to the furniture. Yew, known for its rich, reddish-brown colour and fine grain, and flexible characteristics, was frequently used for creating chair backs, table tops, and decorative accents. The contrast between the warm tones of elm and the darker hues of yew created a visually appealing effect.

Ash, another commonly used wood in provincial furniture, was valued for its strength and flexibility. It was often employed for constructing chair frames, table legs, and other structural elements. The light-coloured wood provided a pleasing contrast when paired with elm, creating a balanced and harmonious composition.

Oak, renowned for its durability and prominent grain pattern, was also utilised in conjunction with elm in provincial furniture. Oak was often employed for larger furniture pieces like dressers, cupboards, and chests. Its robust nature and distinct texture added a touch of ruggedness to the overall design, contributing to the rustic appeal of the furniture.

The combination of these indigenous country woods in provincial elm furniture reflected the practicality and resourcefulness of rural craftsmen. They made use of the available materials to create furniture that was not only functional but also visually appealing in a simple and unpretentious way.

Today, 18th-century provincial elm furniture remains highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts for its charm, historical significance, and unique blend of woods. These pieces showcase the craftsmanship and ingenuity of artisans who worked with the materials they had access to, resulting in furniture that exudes a distinct character and rustic beauty.

English antique elm furniture

How was Elm used in the 18th Century?

Elm wood was utilised in various forms of furniture during the 18th century. Cabinetmakers often employed elm for crafting chairs, tables, cabinets, desks, and other pieces of fine furniture. The wood’s strength and durability made it suitable for constructing sturdy and long-lasting pieces, while its attractive grain made it suitable for both painted and polished finishes.

In addition to furniture, elm wood was used in decorative elements such as veneers, marquetry, and inlays. The distinctive grain of elm made it a sought-after material for creating intricate patterns and designs on the surfaces of cabinets, chests, and other decorative objects. Elm veneers were often employed to add a decorative interesting finish to English antique furniture pieces, enhancing their overall beauty.

Elm wood’s popularity in the 18th century can be attributed to both its aesthetic qualities and its availability. Elm trees were abundant throughout Europe and North America, making the wood relatively accessible to craftsmen of the time. Its versatility, strength, and appealing grain made it a favored choice for furniture makers who sought to create well-made pieces for the wealthy clientele of the period.

English Antique Elm Value

It’s worth noting that the popularity of elm wood in decorative arts declined in the 19th century due to the spread of Dutch Elm Disease, a fungal infection that devastated elm tree populations. As a result, elm wood became less common and other woods took its place in furniture and decorative arts production. Elm is now only seen on pre DED furniture, it is thus rare and commands a higher price than alternative timbers.

In summary, elmwood played a significant role in 18th-century decorative arts, particularly in furniture making. Its distinctive grain pattern, warm color, and versatility made it a preferred choice for creating attractive country furniture. Today, antique elm wood furniture and decorative objects from the 18th century are highly valued for their craftsmanship and historical significance.

Types of Elm Used in Furniture Production

  1. American Elm: American elm (Ulmus americana) is a native species in North America. It has a distinct reddish-brown heartwood and light-colored sapwood. American elm was widely used in traditional American furniture, particularly during the 18th and 19th centuries.
  2. English Elm: English elm (Ulmus procera) is native to Europe and has been used in furniture making for centuries. It has a pale brown to dark brown heartwood with a beautiful grain pattern. English elm is highly valued for its unique appearance.
  3. Dutch Elm: Dutch elm (Ulmus × hollandica) is a hybrid elm species that was developed in the Netherlands. It is a cross between the English elm and the wych elm (Ulmus glabra). Dutch elm has similar characteristics to English elm and is often used in furniture production.
  4. Siberian Elm: Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila) is native to Asia and has been introduced to other parts of the world, including North America. It has a yellowish-brown to light brown heartwood and is known for its resistance to disease and pests. Siberian elm is sometimes used in furniture making, although it is less common compared to other elm species.

These are just a few examples of elm wood types commonly used in furniture. Each type has its own distinct characteristics and appearance.

Antique Elm Furniture For Sale

Please see the antique elm furniture below, the are all available for sale.

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