A good example of an Ottoman period Dzeferdar Miquelet Rifle.

The Miquelet is an early form of the flintlock, which became popular throughout the Ottoman Empire from the 17th-20th century. Most of these were elaborately decorated, most of which are preserved in Istanbul and were specifically made for the Ottoman Imperial Guard (The Met Museum).

The steel barrel, now showing signs of age, is well constructed and sturdy. The lock may be a local copy of a North-Indian Miquelet. The lock is finely made. The stock is typical of these types of rifles. It is crafted out of dark hardwood and is covered with mother-of-pearl inserts and brass lining. The end of the butt is capped with a brass plate with an openwork design. The mother-of-pearl design extends for the first quarter of the barrel length to provide a distinctive look to the barrel – two thirds of which is hardwood and steel; secured with brass caps. The mother-of-pearl for these rifles was usually a European, especially Italian, import and cut in the Risan in the Bay of Kotor (Elgood, p76). Throughout the barrel, there are elegantly etched designs on the steel framework. These examples were classed as the best and intended for use in Istanbul. This rifle, uses, the then standard, flintlock mechanism. The term ‘flintlock’ is used to describe the firearms that use a flint striking ignition mechanism. This method was used from the early 17th century till the 19th century, where the percussion cap and cartridge cap replaced it.

This type of rifle is very sought after and rare to find. Dr Robert Elgood has the following to say about these types of rifles:

One of the most beautiful and sought-after Balkan guns is the džeferdar or jeferdar, from the Turkish cevherdar, derived from the Arabic and Persian jauhar or johar, meaning lustre or jewel.

A near identical example was seized from the captured Mamluk Chieftain Mustafa Pasha who was defeated by Napoleon at the battle of Abukir 1799. It was gifted to Napoleon by Sergeant Vigo Roussillon, the soldier who took the Pasha captive. Now in the collection of Bruno Ledoux. The Met Museum, Accession number 36.25.2148 houses a Miquelet Gun from the 18th century, Balkan and features a similar design and barrel end – a mythical monster like creature.

All in all a well made and preserved Dzeferdar Miquelet Rifle with minor losses to the mother-of-pearl and some general pitting. Otherwise, a prized addition for seasoned collectors due to the scarcity of such an item.

Further/Suggested readings and references

Alexander, David G. The Arts of War: Arms and Armour of the 7th to 19th centuries. Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art ; v. 21, Vol. 21. London: Nour Foundation, 1992. p. 126, s.v. no. 72.

Alexander, David, Stuart W. Pyhrr, and Will Kwiatkowski. Islamic Arms and Armor in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2015. pp. 258–60, no. 108, ill.

Blackmore, Howard. Guns and Rifles of the World. London: B. T. Batsford, 1965. fig. 273, ill.


Robert Elgood; The arms of Greece and her Balkan neighbours in the Ottoman period, Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2009. Pages 72-81.

Bruno Ledoux; Napoleon A Private View Treasures from the collection of Bruno Ledoux Collection, Abrams, Pages 102 – 103

Origin: Ottoman Empire

Date: 18th century

Materials: Iron, wood, mother-of-pearl and brass

Length: 136cm

Similar previously sold items

Discover the pieces you missed, and register your interest for similar pieces.


Stock Number: 3753

18th century Ottoman period Dzeferdar Miquelet Rifle with Mother of Pearl stock



For more information call
+44 (0) 207 6920 897

Make an Offer

If you are interested in this piece and would like to see if there is any movement on price, please fill in the required details below.

Please note, making an offer excludes packing and shipping.

"*" indicates required fields

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Notify me if unsold

Thank you for registering your interest. If it becomes available again, we shall be in touch.

"*" indicates required fields

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Register for similar items

Register your interest in similar items. Please elaborate on your requirements and budget in the text box below.

"*" indicates required fields

Please provide any specific information
This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Finance Options

Find it. Love it. Art Money it.

Any list price purchase is applicable.

Benefit from 0% finance over 10 months with our finance partner Art Money.

Additional packing and shipping charges are added to the total.

Please contact us if you would like to benefit from this service.

Product Enquiry

"*" indicates required fields

Join Mailing List
This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.


Approximate Dimensions

  • Length: 136 cm (53.54 inches)




Delivery Options

We will ship worldwide however the costs vary between countries so please email us for a quote. Depending on the item we will recommend the most suitable method.

Our preferred international shipping methods include fine art shippers Gander and White, Art Logistics, Cadogan Tate for items over £5,000. For Fedex, DHL or UPS shipments we expertly pack in-house in wooden crates or heavy duty cardboard – Suitable for most items under £5000. If you have your own shippers we are very happy to coordinate with them.


All items are sent fully insured at the invoice value.


All items are inclusive of all local taxes but may be subject to additional charges for importation and taxes local to the client. Antiques are zero-rated to the USA, all items ship with the correct paperwork. While we are not liable for these additional charges we do encourage clients to research these prior to purchasing items from us. We will make a full value disclosure, as required by the insurance, on all items sent overseas. This is required to ensure proper insurance cover in sending valuable items.


Where required we will oversee the completion of all export licenses for high-value items. We will also arrange for CITES paperwork for materials of endangered species including ivory, tortoiseshell, stuffed birds etc.


This is dependent on the size and value of the object, all items are checked over and polished before shipping and will generally have wooden crates made. This all takes time so expect 10 – 20 working days for delivery unless the item is small in which case 2-3 days from order.


Every effort is made to make Customs Clearance as quick as possible, items held in customs are out of our control. They may require documents / ID to release the goods, please keep this in mind, it is just procedure.


All our antiques now also come with an invoice as a Valuation Certificate for insurance purposes.


In the UK Online sales of this kind are known as ‘distance selling’. We offer a refund to customers if you’ve told us within 3 days of receiving the goods that you want to cancel. You have another 14 days to return the goods once you’ve told us of your intention. A refund will be issued within 14 days of receiving the goods back in the same condition. Return shipping should be the same level as received with insurance, we recommend using the same shipper at your cost. If needed we will help organise suitable shipping.

We will refund the purchase price, excluding delivery costs and taxes, within 14 days of the safe receipt of items in the same condition as supplied. The liability for any damage incurred during transit will remain with the sender. We recommend that adequate insurance is placed on items when returning them to us.

All returns must be communicated prior to an item being sent back.

We extend these Return terms to our international clients.


Our description of any item on the website, any condition report and any other statement made by us (whether orally or in writing) about any item, including about its nature or condition, artist, period, materials, approximate dimensions, or provenance are our opinion and not to be relied upon as a statement of fact.

Ask a Question

If you have any specific questions regarding this piece, please use the form below.

"*" indicates required fields

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.