The 18th century in India was a time of great artistic creativity, and this was reflected in the decorative arts of the period. During this time, India was ruled by various dynasties and kingdoms, including the Mughals, the Marathas, and the Rajputs, and each had their own unique artistic traditions.
One of the most popular forms of decorative art in 18th-century India was miniature painting. These small, highly detailed paintings were often created for use in manuscripts, albums, and as individual works of art. They typically depicted religious and mythological scenes, as well as portraits of important figures.
Another important form of decorative art was the production of textiles. India was famous for its production of textiles, which were exported to Europe and other parts of the world. The 18th century saw the development of new techniques, such as the use of the resist-dyeing technique known as “bandhani,” which created intricate patterns on fabric.
Metalwork was another popular form of decorative art during this period. Skilled artisans created intricate pieces of jewelry, as well as decorative objects such as edge weapons and armour, boxes, trays, and vessels. The use of precious metals and gemstones was common in this type of work.
Finally, the 18th century also saw the development of the art of carving. Skilled craftsmen created intricately carved doors, screens, and other decorative elements for buildings. This type of work was often commissioned by wealthy patrons, and was highly valued for its beauty and craftsmanship.
Overall, the decorative arts of 18th-century India were highly diverse and reflected the rich cultural heritage of the country. From miniature paintings to textiles, metalwork, and carving, the period saw the development of many unique and beautiful art forms that continue to inspire artists and collectors today.
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