Classical capitals are a form of architecture that developed in ancient Greece and Rome. They are characterised by their grandeur and symmetry, and often feature ornate columns and intricate designs. Capitals are often seen in temples and other public buildings and are used to create an impressive and imposing effect. Classical capitals are a reminder of the grandeur of the ancient world, and are a popular device in furniture design and the decorative arts.
Classical capitals are the crowning element of a classical column. They are typically made from stone, marble, or wood and feature a variety of ornate designs. The most common classical capital styles are the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
The Doric capital is the simplest of the three, featuring a plain, rounded top and a series of parallel grooves.
The Ionic capital is more ornate, featuring a pair of volutes, or spiral scrolls, at the top.
The Corinthian capital is the most elaborate, featuring a bell-shaped top and a series of intricate carvings.
Each style of classical capital is designed to enhance the overall beauty of the column and to provide a visual link between the column and the structure it supports.